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Skills and Competency Levels

The DigCurV Curriculum Framework is designed to recognise that digital curation professionals may require different levels of competency and experience in specific skills. To reflect this, the skill requirements identified in the DigCurV lenses are defined using the competency levels shown in the table below.

Level Description of Competency Denoted By
Basic Maintains a basic awareness of a given subject area, including basic knowledge of the range of issues that shape developments in the subject area. Is aware of
Intermediate Able to demonstrate understanding of a given subject area, and possesses some knowledge of the terminology, business processes and tools relevant to the subject area. Understands
Advanced Possesses detailed knowledge of a given subject area, and is able to apply this knowledge to complete tasks on an independent basis. Is able to

For example, practitioners may require a detailed understanding of metadata standards to be able to use them in annotating specific content. Managers, on the other hand, may require only a more limited awareness of such standards to enable strategic evaluation of their use.

Skill Identifiers

Each individual defined by the DigCurV Curriculum Framework is assigned a unique skill identifier. The format used for these skill identifiers encodes both the domain and subdomain to which the skill belongs. For example, the skill identifier KIA1.7 would denote the seventh skill listed in the first subdomain of the Knowledge and Intellectual Abilities (KIA) domain.

The role of these skill identifiers is to aid users of DigCurV Framework in navigating across wide range of skills defined by the framework, and in communicating the specific subset of skills in which they are interested at any given time.

+Knowledge and Intellectual Abilities (KIA)

Skills in this domain relate to the ability of staff to demonstrate knowledge and competency in specific areas of digital curation. A key component of this knowledge is the application of digital curation to specific market sectors such as the cultural heritage sector.

+KIA1: Subject Knowledge

Identifer Description Levels
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
KIA1.1 Subject-specific knowledge and definitionsFor example:
DCC guide to digital curation terminology
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.2 Relevance of, and need for, digital curation activity within subject contextFor example:
Digital curation for the Wellcome Collection
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.3 Current and emerging subject landscape (trends, people, institutions) Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.4 Respective responsibilities for digital curation across institution Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.5 Scope the boundaries for digital curation at institution Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.6 Fundamental digital curation principles including lifecyclesFor example:
DCC curation lifecycle model
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.7 Designated community Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.8 Select appropriate technological solutions Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.9 Apply appropriate technological solutions Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.10 Develop a professional network for support Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.11 Digital curation tools (at high level)For example:
Library of Congress digital preservation tools and resources directory
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.12 Digital preservation standards Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.13 Digital curation and preservation terminologyFor example:
DCC curation lifecycle model
DCC DC101 training modules
OAIS Reference Model
PLATO preservation planning
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.14 Scope of team responsibilities within institution Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.15 Information technology definitions and skillsFor example:
Emulation technology
Migration technology
Data models
File format specifications
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.16 Select and and apply digital curation and preservation techniquesFor example:
DPC technology watch reports
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA1.17 Scope of own role within institutional context Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to

+KIA2: Selection/Appraisal

Identifer Description Levels
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
KIA2.1 Maximise benefits and long-term value of collections Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA2.2 Articulate information- and records-management principles Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA2.3 Articulate the benefits and long-term value of collectionsFor example:
DCC how to appraise and select research data for curation
NERC data value checklist
Engaging with different user communities such as scientists, artists, and the public
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA2.4 Contribute to institutional policies, including criteria for selection/appraisal Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA2.5 Information- and records-management principles Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA2.6 Institutional policies, including criteria for selection/appraisalFor example:
Archaeology Data Service collections policy
Full collections versus forgetting (active digital objects not selected)
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA2.7 Plan application of selection/appraisal criteria to collections Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to

+KIA3: Evaluation Studies

Identifer Description Levels
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
KIA3.1 Prioritise funding for curation activities based on the value of digital objects and the risks facing objects Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA3.2 Respond to findings from user studies constructively in future decision-making Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA3.3 Conduct user needs analysisFor example:
Design and deployment of questionnaires
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA3.4 Continuously monitor and evaluate digital curation technologiesFor example:
Use of watch services to check for obsolete technology
Ensuring virtualisation tools have long-term stability
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA3.5 Monitor and assess needs of designated community Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA3.6 Conduct usability evaluationFor example:
Design and planning of evaluation methods
Techniques for gathering feedback from users
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA3.7 Prioritise curation activities based on value of digital objects and the risks facing them Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to

+KIA4: Information Skills

Identifer Description Levels
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
KIA4.1 Information-seeking strategies, access technologies and user sharing behaviours Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA4.2 Support information access and sharingFor example:
Query languages such as SQL
Publishing data via the Web
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA4.3 Deploy appropriate information seeking strategiesFor example:
Use of search engines
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA4.4 Key metadata standards for sector/subjectFor example:
PREMIS
Dublin Core
BioSharing
METS
BagIT
LMER
ISAD(G)
Spectrum
MARC
EAD
RAD
MADS
DCC standards watch papers
DCC discipline-specific metadata resource
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA4.5 Select metadata standardsFor example:
PREMIS
Dublin Core
BioSharing
METS
BagIT
LMER
ISAD(G)
Spectrum
MARC
EAD
RAD
MADS
Metadata stored in file formats such as .doc and .jpg
DCC standards watch papers
DCC discipline-specific metadata resource
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA4.6 Apply metadata standardsFor example:
PREMIS
Dublin Core
BioSharing
METS
BagIT
LMER
ISAD(G)
Spectrum
MARC
EAD
RAD
MADS
Metadata stored in file formats such as .doc and .jpg
DCC standards watch papers
DCC discipline-specific metadata resource
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA4.7 Relationship between appropriate controlled vocabularies and metadata standards Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to

+KIA5: Data Skills

Identifer Description Levels
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
KIA5.1 Data structures and typesFor example:
Textual and non-textual digital objects
Complex digital objects
Authenticity and data integrity checking such as MD5 checksums
Lists, tables, and relational data
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA5.2 File types, applications and systemsFor example:
Document files such as .pdf, Microsoft Office (.doc, .ppt, .dock, .els) and Open Office (.dot, .odp)
Audio and video container formats such as .mp3, .avi, .ogg, Quicktime, .mpg, .mp4, .wav
Audio and video streams such as subtitles, audio tracks, video tracks
CAD formats
Image formats such as .jpg, .gif, .png. .svg
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA5.3 Database types and structuresFor example:
Lists, tables, and relational data
Query languages such as SQL
DBXML
SIARD
Entity-relationship modelling
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
KIA5.4 Execute analysis of and forensic procedures in digital curationFor example:
PRONOM
DROID
Library of Congress directory of digital formats
Technical metadata extraction practice and tools such as JHOVE
Technical metadata extraction practice and tools such as JHOVE2
National Library of New Zealand metadata extractor
Apache Tika
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to

+Personal Qualities (PQ)

Skills in this domain relate to the ability of staff to interact and collaborate with other relevant stakeholders in digital curation activities. A key component of this knowledge is the ability to communicate with fellow professionals, colleagues in other departments, staff from external institutions, and members of the public.

+PQ1: Integrity

Identifer Description Levels
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
PQ1.1 Responsibility, accountability and good practice in digital curationFor example:
Ensure evaluation of preservation action results
Respect defined roles in digital curation processes
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ1.2 Value of policy formulation to deal with malpractice Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ1.3 Make transparent decisions Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ1.4 Demonstrate leadership in high quality standards of work Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ1.5 Identify malpracticeFor example:
Validation of provenance and authenticity information for objects
Detection of fraudulent changes on objects in the archives
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to

+PQ2: Communication and Advocacy Skills

Identifer Description Levels
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
PQ2.1 Communicate across domains, staff groups and with other relevant communitiesFor example:
Knowledge of discipline-specific vocabulary
Ability to adapt between different vocabularies
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ2.2 Articulate importance of digital curation to peers, other staff and publicFor example:
Providing information in commonly-used languages
Producing management summaries
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ2.3 Articulate value of collections to peers, other staff and public Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ2.4 Make case for funding of digital curation activityFor example:
KRDS toolkit
espida resources
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ2.5 Manage and foster stakeholder relationships Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ2.6 Plan and deliver dissemination activities Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ2.7 Make case for staff training and development Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ2.8 Engage with wider digital curation community Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ2.9 Communication protocols for designated communityFor example:
Familiarity with organisation of institution and relevant bodies, boards, forms, etc.
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to

+PQ3: Responsiveness to Change

Identifer Description Levels
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
PQ3.1 Potential developments in business models, strategic planning and management models in digital curationFor example:
Perform horizon scanning
DCC briefing papers
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ3.2 Potential of developments in digital curation to influence new services and toolsFor example:
DCC briefing papers
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ3.3 Emerging developments in discipline, and their applicability to digital curation activity in the institutionFor example:
Perform horizon scanning
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ3.4 Cultivate and maintain relationships with other relevant sources of information in digital curation (individuals/services/institutions) Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ3.5 Value of new and emerging digital curation technologies and processes Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ3.6 Translate knowledge of technology and processes into services and tools for needs of designated community Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ3.7 Assess, extend and generate digital curation models for cultural heritage domain Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ3.8 Maintain continuous awareness of emerging developments in digital curationFor example:
Perform horizon scanning
Engaging with lifelong learning
ITU technology watch papers
DCC technology watch papers
DPC technology watch papers
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PQ3.9 Translate current digital curation knowledge into new services and toolsFor example:
Adapting to new technologies such as new rendering environments, new formats, etc.
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to

+Professional Conduct (PC)

Skills in this domain relate to the ability of staff to conduct themselves within the ethical and legal frameworks that regulate digital curation as a profession.

+PC1: Regulatory Requirements

Identifer Description Levels
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
PC1.1 Legal frameworks in which digital curation is taking placeFor example:
National and international frameworks for data protection
National and international frameworks for freedom of information
Moral rights
Copyright policies and legislation for digital objects
Copyright policies and legislation for digital objects
IPR policies and legislation for digital objects
National copyright laws, and EU copyright legislation
Web2Rights
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PC1.2 Domain policies and standards for management and preservation of digital objectsFor example:
Legal deposit law
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PC1.3 Contribute to national/international regulatory frameworks in which digital repositories operate Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to

+PC2: Regulatory Compliance

Identifer Description Levels
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
PC2.1 Institution's legal culpabilities in digital curation activity Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PC2.2 Incorporate legal requirements into institutional policies Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PC2.3 Contribute to institutional regulatory framework in which digital repositories operate Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PC2.4 Apply appropriate actions to curation workflow to ensure compliance with legal and policy frameworks and relevant standardsFor example:
Storage policy
Media refreshment policy
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PC2.5 Select and apply validation techniques to detect policy infringementFor example:
Copyright infringement detection
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to

+PC3: Ethics, Principles and Sustainability

Identifer Description Levels
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
PC3.1 Social and ethical responsibility in digital curation Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PC3.2 Energy consumption and carbon footprint of digital curation activity Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PC3.3 Embed principles of ethical conduct throughout institutional policies (including those affecting curation activity) Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PC3.4 Adhere to principles of ethical conductFor example:
Managing sensitive data in a responsible manner
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
PC3.5 Evaluate and treat employees fairly Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to

+Management and Quality Assurance (MQA)

Skills in this domain relate to the ability of staff to plan, execute, and monitor digital curation activities as part of project groups or larger programmes of work.

+MQA1: Risk Management

Identifer Description Levels
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
MQA1.1 Undertake succession planning Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA1.2 Risk management theory and standardsFor example:
ISO Risk Management 31000
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA1.3 Apply risk management practice, techniques and standards to digital curation activities within institutional risk management contextFor example:
UK National Archives risk assessment handbook
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA1.4 Assess, analyse, monitor and communicate risksFor example:
ISO Risk Management 31000
SPOT
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to

+MQA2: Audit and Certification

Identifer Description Levels
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
MQA2.1 Audit and certification standardsFor example:
Data Seal of Approval
DRAMBORA
Trusted data respositories
TRAC assessment framework
ISO 14721 OAIS
ISO 16363 TRAC
DIN Standard 31644
BSI Standard 10008 Legal Admissibility of Electronic Information
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA2.2 Benefits of audit process, and relevance of audit results Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA2.3 Institutional liabilities in audit process Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA2.4 Level of audit appropriate to institution Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA2.5 Lead repository through certification process Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA2.6 Respond to audit report and build new service plan where required Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA2.7 Prepare effectively for an audit of curation functions Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA2.8 Audit of curation functions Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA2.9 Certification of repositories or programmes Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA2.10 Maintain documentation in preparation for audit process Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to

+MQA3: Resource Management

Identifer Description Levels
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
MQA3.1 Undertake strategic planning Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.2 Undertake business continuity management including disaster planningFor example:
Put in policy for security of data
Put in place policy for security of personnel
Put in place policy for physical integrity of collection
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.3 Resources required for digital curation activity including energy consumption Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.4 Reputation management Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.5 Respond to staff recruitment, training and development needs Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.6 Undertake financial planning, cost analysis and economic sustainabilityFor example:
LIFE cost analysis
4C project resources
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.7 Undertake business planning in line with corporate/institutional goals Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.8 Make sound decisions based on information produced by project team Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.9 Recruit and motivate staff Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.10 Create a team environment Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.11 Plan and implement sound staff training and development Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.12 Make sustainable storage decisions in institutional contextFor example:
Cloud storage, in-house storage, third party storage, and others
On-site or off-site storage
Tape storage or disk storage
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.13 Creation, management and monitoring of project plans Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.14 Undertake project management activities and innovative practicesFor example:
PRINCE2
Project and network plans
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.15 Data management requirementsFor example:
DAF
DM Vitals
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.16 Produce relevant information to support decision-making Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.17 Deal with data curation challenges through structured planningFor example:
CARDIO
Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to
MQA3.18 Project management concepts and techniques Is aware of;
Understands;
Is able to

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